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Reference : V-F-CR-F-01611-B
Date : 07/2016
Country/Region : MADAGASCAR
Title : Madagascar : la double peine : détention et malnutrition : version longue = Madagascar : a double sentence : prison and malnutrition : long version = Madagascar : doble castigo : entre el encierro y la desnutrición : versión longa
Duration : 00:07:53
Director : REVOL, Didier
Person appearing :
DOPPLER, Brigitte (nutritionist, ICRC)
RAHAJARIZAFY, Marie-Ange Hantasoa (field officer, ICRC)
Confidentiality level : public
Publication restrictions : publication without restrictions
Copyright : ICRC
Production company : ICRC
ICRC producer :
REVOL, Didier
Editor : GRAENISCHER, Laurent
Production reference : AV489B
Description : Malnutrition can turn a prison sentence into a death sentence. Almost half of all prisoners in Madagascar suffer from moderate or severe malnutrition. In 2015, more than 9,000 inmates were identified as malnourished and treated as part of an emergency food programme aiming to get these vulnerable people back on their feet and prevent malnutrition-related deaths.
With more than 4,000 prisoners already treated so far in 2016, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is on track to reach the 2015 figure by the end of the year.
Madagascar was badly hit by the economic crisis and the authorities are finding it increasingly difficult to feed the country’s 22,000 strong prison population. Official ministry of justice orders specify that each inmate should receive a daily ration of 750 grams of cassava but, in reality, they rarely receive more than 300 grams.
That is why the ICRC launched a national feeding programme in 2011 with the active participation of the prison authorities, who were very concerned about inmates’ welfare. Prison nurses weigh and measure all the prisoners every month and send the data to the ICRC. The ICRC analyses this data and focusses its feeding programme on moderately and severely malnourished inmates, who are examined on a weekly basis. Their recovery normally takes around three months. In each detention facility it is volunteers from the prisons’ chaplaincy association who prepare the special meals every day for the malnourished detainees.
The situation did not improve overnight. The ICRC had to overhaul the whole food production chain, improve the wood fuel supply, build better ovens, and standardize the plates and ladles used to ensure that every detainee received the right amount of food.
In 2011, when the feeding programme was first set up, the prison authorities were registering around 150 deaths per year in the prison population, over two thirds of which were linked to malnutrition.
In 2015, there were unfortunately still more than 50 deaths, half of which was linked to malnutrition.
Original language : English; Spanish; French; malgache
French title : Madagascar : la double peine : détention et malnutrition : version longue
English title : Madagascar : a double sentence : prison and malnutrition : long version
Spanish title : Madagascar : doble castigo : entre el encierro y la desnutrición : versión longa
Title in other language : Madagascar : desnutrição pode transformar uma sentença de prisão em uma sentença de morte
Colour/B&W : colour
SD/HD : HD
Resolution : 1920 x 1080
Aspect ratio : 16/9
Original material/format : H264
Best material/format available : ProRes 422

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