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Reference : V-F-CR-F-02776
Date : 10/2019
Title : Sahel : panorama 2019 = Sahel : panorama 2019
Duration : 00:03:58
Editor : SECK, Mouhamadou Birom
Person appearing :
OUSMAN ADOUM, Abdoulaye (staff member, ICRC)
Confidentiality level : public
Publication restrictions : publication without restrictions
Copyright : ICRC
Production company : ICRC
ICRC producer :
SECK, Mouhamadou Birom
Description : The Sahel: a region which suffers from the combined effects of armed conflict and climate change in across five countries: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Chad.
These devastating effects have multiple consequences for communities.
The loss of livelihoods, increasing ethnic tensions and weakening public services are keeping millions of people in extreme poverty.
Last year, armed violence continued to increase in central Mali. The Liptako-Gourma area on the border of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger is increasingly unstable.
The Sahel is one of the driest regions on the planet. The global increase in temperature if one degree Celsius, means communities that have always shown resilience, now face increasingly harsh climatic conditions. Record temperatures, rapid desertification and loss of crops reduce the chances of communities to meet their primary needs.
Transhumance, which plays an essential role in the Sahel in adapting livestock to temperature variations, is now threatened by the effects of climate change in the region and armed conflicts that prevent breeders from feeding their livestock safely. Increased armed violence in the region, particularly in central and northern Mali, on the border with Niger and in the Lake Chad basin, is reducing people's safe access to pastures or arable land and forcing them to move to new areas, creating tensions with other communities.
This insecurity pushes thousands of people out of their homes. Repeated violence and armed conflicts have put the people of the region in an alarming humanitarian situation.
Despite the climate and security challenges, Sahelian communities have the capacity to cope with ongoing crises and aspire to find sustainable solutions for the preservation of their region. Major and urgent political efforts to mitigate climate change are essential.
In addition to global action, in Mali and Niger, building community capacity to cope with violence and climate shocks must take into account all aspects of a community's sustainable development: food production, livelihoods, access to health care, effective water management, climate prediction and the protection of those most vulnerable, including children and people with disabilities.
There is still time, let's act!
Original language : French
Other language : International soundtrack
French title : Sahel : panorama 2019
English title : Sahel : panorama 2019
Colour/B&W : colour
Resolution : 1920 x 1080
Aspect ratio : 16/9
Original material/format : H264
Best material/format available : ProRes 422