Reference : V-P-BR-E-00447
Date : 28/11/2018
Country/Region : BRAZIL
Caption : Rio de Janeiro State, Duque de Caxias, E.M. Benizio José da Silva Nursery. Children playing with an animator. This nursery, which accommodates 120 children, is affected by urban violence. Its director explains: "The situation has improved these past few years, but armed violence is still around the corner. Everytime we hear gunshots, we take the children inside and play loud music so they don't hear what is going on outside. However, it doesn't prevent them from being scared and, sometimes, they burst into tears."
Photographer : CRUPPE, Marizilda
Confidentiality level : public
Publication restrictions : publication without restrictions
Copyright : ICRC
Description : ICRC's website, article, 14.08.2019.
"The armed violence and its most visible indicators have increased in cities in Brazil and in many countries in Latin America and the world: homicides, confrontations among armed groups, deaths and injury by stray bullets, among others. In 2017, there were 63,880 intentional violent deaths in Brazil, according to the Brazilian Public Safety Yearbook. The humanitarian consequences for the population are serious. The armed violence in the cities causes the closing of schools, health service units or other essential public services.
However, it is important to mention that this context is not described as an armed conflict according to the International Humanitarian Law (IHL) standards despite the serious impact of the humanitary consequences in the affected communities.
The ICRC is concerned about the increasing humanitarian consequences from armed violence. In Brazil, the work is done in partnership with the governments and other organizations. In 2009, after offering its services to the Federal Government, the ICRC initiated the Rio Project, implemented in Rio de Janeiro, in which developed specific actions for the population from the communities most affected by armed violence. In this context, the methodology Safer Access to Essential Public Services was formulated and, since then, it is successfully applied in other municipalities.
Safer Access is a methodology used to reduce, mitigate and respond to the consequences from the exposure of population and professionals to armed violence contexts. The Safer Access is based and was adapted from the ICRC's safety protocols, which were elaborated based on its wide working experience in contexts of armed conflict and violence. The methodology meets the policies and guidelines of the international rule ISO 31000.
In a number of municipalities, the project's rollout has been fully integrated between various government departments, enhancing risk management efforts. Since 2017, over 19,000 Health, Education and Social Care professionals have been trained in the Safer Access methodology."
Resolution : 3543x2362
Orientation : landscape
Colour/B&W : colour